1.0 BACKGROUND INFORMATION TO THE STUDY
This research work is proposing a system that will help in identifying and verifying student during examinations with a view of minimizing exams malpractice. Currently, in most schools in Nigeria students’ verification is carried out manually whereby a student will be issued an examination card using identity card for verification.
Biometrics is a technology that uniquely identifies a person based on his physiological or behavioral characteristics. It can be used to achieve a positive identification with a very high level of confidence. Fingerprint technology using biometrics employs certain advantage of eradicating the problem of examination impersonation by allowing the measure of what you are to perform the security activities of student participation in the examinations. Fingerprints have certain natural traits that make them ideal for use in biometric systems.
Fingerprints are unique. No two people on record have been found to have the same fingerprints. Fingerprint identification has been used by law enforcement agencies for many years. Most fingerprint systems operate in authentication, rather than identification mode. Fingerprint scanning can be done in several different ways. Some systems scan the distinct marks on the finger called minutiae points (similar to the traditionally used police method). The positioning of pores and straight pattern matching may also be used. Formal examination can rightly be defined as the assessment of a person’s performance, when confronted with a series of questions, problems, or tasks set to him, in order to ascertain the amount of knowledge that the student has acquired, the extent to which he/she is able to utilize it, or the quality and effectiveness of the skills a student has developed.
The focus of this paper is channeled towards the development of student verification system for online examination and this system would strictly function with the unique feature of identification by means of fingerprint. Verification system based on fingerprints, and the terms verification, authentication, and identification are used in a loose sense and synonymously.
1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The increase Rate of Examination impersonation among candidates in the Institutions as reduces their self-developing skills and self-confidence towards reading and writing an Examination. It also has negative effect on the growth of Educational system. Despite various strategies deployed by stakeholders to ensure candidates obeyed the rules governing an examination. In Nigeria, having a certificate is much more important than getting an individual skills and these have prompted students to engage in various means to boycott in other to get what they want. Therefore, students are now lazy to study, lazy to get self-confidence (inadequate preparation for examination). The implementation of a Biometric fingerprint pattern Recognition will reduce or remove access to impersonation in an examination.
1.2 AIM AND OBJECTIVES
The primary purpose of this study is channeled towards the development of examination verification system and this system would strictly function with the unique feature of identification by means of fingerprint. Verification system based on fingerprints, and the terms verification, authentication, and identification are used in a loose sense and synonymously. This project is also proposed to supplement the current manual process of verification using requirements such as a matriculation number (PIN), or something that you have, such as an identification (ID) card and course form. The objectives of this project are to minimize exam
malpractice, enhance the security of the existing system using Biometric Fingerprint, and provide an electronic Database for all students, easier and faster identification of students that are registered for a particular course during examination.
1. Provide a friendly, easy to use online examination platform for students.
2. Reduce the level of examination malpractices and improve the credibility of the examinations via authentication using Fingerprint and randomization of exams questions.
3. Provide a real-time processing of result.
4. Detection of unique Fingerprint image among other nature components.
5. Effective recognition of unique Fingerprint.
1.3 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The system is used to verify student that are registered for examination based on fingerprint recognition. The system’s first task was to insert the entire student’s information in the system database. This information was obtained by the system through a registration form. This registration form contains all the necessary fields about the student such as name, session, roll, registration, address, photo, matriculation number etc. The system can take one or more fingerprint templates from the ten fingers of a student.
Generally, during examination period student produce evidence of school fees and registration forms to obtain clearance card in order to allow sitting for exam. But for FEC, an administrator sign in using his/her password and enroll student through the system.
1.4 The limitations of the system to be designed are as follows.
1. This online examination system authentication using fingerprint recognition, is designed for Educational Institutions (like schools, Universities and training centers)
2. The system supports only multiple choice questions.
3. The system would enroll users using the internet before they can use it.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
The newly proposed development of examination verification system using biometric fingerprint would bring about a great reduction in the Inability to differentiate an authenticated user from an impostor, accuracy, uniqueness and less tedious means of verifying students.
1.6 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Examination: Formal examination can rightly be defined as the assessment of a person’s performance, when confronted with a series of questions, problems, or tasks set to him, in order to ascertain the amount of knowledge that the student has acquired, the extent to which he/she is able to utilize it, or the quality and effectiveness of the skills a student has developed.
Fingerprints: A fingerprint in its narrow sense is an impression left by the friction ridges of a
human finger. A friction ridge is a raised portion of the epidermis on the digits (fingers and toes), the palm of the hand or the sole of the foot, consisting of one or more connected ridge units of friction ridge skin.
Biometrics: A technology that (uniquely) identifies a person based on his physiological or behavioral characteristics. It can be used to achieve a positive identification with a very high level of confidence, such as an error rate of 0.001%.
Authentication: is a process in which the credentials provided are compared to those on file in a database of authorized users’ information on a local operating system or within an authentication server.