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3.0. METHODS, MATREIALS AND PROCEDURES
In this chapter the study design, the study area, population of the study, sample size for the study, selection of subject, selection of variables, tester competency, orientation of the subject, inclusion and exclusion criteria, collection of data, procedure of test administrations and statistical techniques for the analysis of data have been described.
3.1. THE STUDY DESIGN AND PERIOD
Descriptive and explanatory research design was implemented to identify the relationship among physical fitness, anthropometric variables with skill performance of basketball players in 2016-17. The aim of explanatory research is to explain why phenomena occur and to predict future occurrences. Explanatory studies are characterized by research hypotheses that specify the nature and direction of the relationships between or among variables being studied. Exploratory studies are a valuable means of understanding what is happening; to seek new insights; to ask questions and to assess phenomenon in a new light (Yin, 1994). Explanatory research design was a situation or a problem in order to explain the relationships between variables (Lewis, Thornhill, & Saunders, 2003). Therefore the present study describes or explains the relationships between the dependent and independent variables of the study. Two hundred male basketball players, who were participated in different regional zonal and university sport tournament in the year 2016-17, were the study subjects. The age rages of the subject were between 18 to 28 years.