AN EXCLUSIVE ANALYSIS OF THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF SMART FARMING 1

AN EXCLUSIVE ANALYSIS OF THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF SMART FARMING

1. Introduction
The future of farming is smart farming. If Old MacDonald had a farm now, he would be using a computer to track his livestock. One of the advantages of smart farming is soil and crop sensing. This essay will provide an exclusive insight of the advantages and disadvantages of smart farming.
1.2 Overview
Guerrini (2015, p.1) states “One way to address issues and increase the quality and quantity of agricultural production is using sensing technology to make farms more “intelligent” and more connected through the so-called “precision agriculture” also known as ‘smart farming’. Based on the insight above, smart farming represents the application of modern Information and Communication Technology (ICT) into agriculture, leading to what can be called a Third Green Revolution.
According to Róbert (2014, p.1), “smart farming is achieved only when the results of electronics and IT equipment are realized in the variable rate treatments zone-by-zone. The advantages and disadvantages of this technology highly depend on the heterogeneity of soil, the knowledge and attitude of the manager and the staff.” This is the reason why opinions about the technology effects are so wide. This paper shows the results of the investigation based on interviews about the adoption and knowledge of precision farming technology
2. Importance of smart farming
In this modern era there are wide ranges of technology being used to advance the sector of agriculture. The importance of smart farmingfarmers use smart farming techniques to research about weather patterns, soil temperature and humidity, growth, and other factors (SoilsMatter2011, 2015). To be successful, a farm must grow as much per acre as it can, reduce the risk of crop failure, minimize operating costs, and sell crops for the highest price possible.
Evidence indicates, however, that excessive reliance on monoculture farming and agro-industrial inputs, such as capital-intensive technology, pesticides, and chemical fertilizers, has negatively impacted the environment and rural society (World Agriculture, 2011).

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3. Advantages
Perhaps the direction of precision agriculture is one of significant change to any countries economy in the world.
3.1 Soil sensing
One of the advantages is soil sensing. Sensors that measure a variety of essential soil properties on the go are being developed. These sensors can be used either to control variable rate application equipment in real-time or in conjunction with a Global Positioning System (GPS) to generate field maps of soil properties (IANR Media, 2015).
3.2 Air Quality Monitoring
A journal by Soumyalatha & Shruti ( ) supports Air Quality Monitoring By embedding sensors which collect context information such as amount of carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in the air, sound levels, temperature, humidity levels in the environment. This provide information that is essential information
3.3 Smart Environment
A very important application of IoT is detecting pollution and natural calamities. We can monitor the emissions from factories and vehicles to minimize air pollution.
3.4

4. Disadvantages

Disadvantages defined by a survey conducted by Beecham Research as cited in an article (Climate Smart Agriculture, 2016) is that smart farming requires skills in robotics, and computer-based intelligence, skills the average farmer would not necessarily have. Finally, smart farming will require farmers to be proficient in robotics and computer intelligence languages.
4.1 Skills in robotics

4.2 Computer-based intelligence

4.3

4.4

This essay analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of smart farming, and the factors that contribute to a future of technology and farming merging together. One of the advantages is soil sensing, and one of the disadvantages is the required skills of robotics. Based on the advantages and disadvantages of smart farming discussed, more is yet to be analyzed and brought to the table.

Beecham Research. (2014). Smart Farming. Retrieved from beechamresearch: https://www.beechamresearch.com/files/BRL%20Smart%20Farming%20Executive%20Summary.pdf
Climate Smart Agriculture (March 25, 2016). Advantages and Disadvantages of Smart Farming. Retrieved from wordpress: https://climatesmartargiculture.wordpress.com/2016/03/25/advantages-and-disadvantages/
Guerrini, F. (February 18, 2015). The Future of Agriculture? Smart Farming. Retrieved from forbes: http://www.forbes.com/sites/federicoguerrini/2015/02/18/the-future-of-agriculture-smart-farming/2/#19a9026a27f0
IANR Media. (May 15, 2015). Soil and Crop Sensing. Retrieved from cropwatch: http://cropwatch.unl.edu/ssm/sensing
Róbert, K., & Rosen, M.A (Eds.). (2014). Farmers’ Perception of Precision Farming Technology among Hungarian Farmers Hungary; E-Mail: [email protected]
Ravindra. S (January 3, 2018). IoT Application in Agriculture. Retrieved from iotforall: https://www.iotforall.com/iot-applications-in-agriculture/
SoilsMatter2011. (February 27, 2015). What is “Precision Agriculture” and why is it important? Retrieved from wordpress: https://soilsmatter.wordpress.com/2015/02/27/what-is-precision-agriculture-and-why-is-it-important/
Soumyalatha, Shruti G.Hegde, “Study of IoT: Understanding IoT Architecture, Applications, Issues and Challenges”, International Journal of Advanced Networking ; Applications (IJANA) ISSN: 0975-0282, 1st International Conference on Innovations in Computing ; Networking (ICICN16), CSE, RRCE.