Fitzgerald’s depiction of the valley of ashes speaks directly to his criticism of the American Dream. The valley is on the other side of the city hidden beneath the glamorous lives of Daisy, Tom, Gatsby and Nick. While the wealthy frolic, the people in the valley of ashes are increasingly buried by the literal ashes created by industrial pollution.
The Valley of Ashes thus represents the great difference between the rich and the poor, and the hypocrisy of the American Dream.
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