Mrs. M. Xithalis
ENG2D1 – 02
November 12, 2018
Loss Of Innocence
Lord of the Flies is a 1954 novel by Nobel Prize–winning British author William Golding. The book focuses on a group of 6-12 year old British boys stranded on an uninhabited island and their need of survival. In the novel, William Golding is conveying the message that human beings must have rules and authority in order to maintain a safe environment. This novel demonstrates what happens to human nature when placed under difficult circumstances, innocence is lost and replaced with animal like savagery. In Golding’s Lord Of The Flies, the boys on the island progress from well-behaved, orderly children hoping for rescue to cruel, bloodthirsty hunters who have no desire to return to civilization, as the story unfolds the boys slowly lose their child like innocence. Their decrease of innocence is shown by their need to grow up quickly and behave as adults to survive and when Jack splits up from the group and assumes power.
To start off, as a result of the plane crash, the boys need to grow up quickly in order to survive. When the plane crashed, they were stranded on the island with nothing. They had to figure out how they would survive. Ralph called for an assembly so they could get in order and start finding things for survival when Jack pointed out “His specs-use theme as burning glasses!” (40). Here is an example of the boys using materials they have to surivive on the island. In order to survive they need to make a fire for warmth and so that smoke is shown at the top of the mountain for any passing ships to see. As the boys are so young they have to behave as adults in this situation because no adults are there to guide them.They use Piggy’s glasses to create a fire by reflecting the sun of off them. “Kill the pig. Cut her throat. Spill her blood.” Killing the first pig shows the progression in the boys and their decrease of innocence. When they first are on the island the boys would not even think about killing an animal but as theri need of survival the boys are able to kill a pig and even enjoys it. After the first kill and the more the innoncence is lost the boys keep thinking about killing and their ability to kill increases. As previously stated, with no adult or authority to tell them what to do, the boys have to figure out how to survive on their own and work off eachother.
Jack and the rest of the boys have revealed a major loss of innocence when Jack assumes power. In chapter 8, Jack and Ralph split up adue to Jack’s want to have power and be the leader. Most boys follow Jack leaving Ralph, Piggy, Simon, the twins and the littluns on the beach. Jack thinks of the idea to paint faces to camouflage in the jungle when hunting. Golding implies this when Jack says “For hunting, like in war. You know-dazzle paint. Like things trying to look like something else-” He twisted in the urgency of telling. ” Like moths on a tree trunk.”…’Roger understood and nodded gravely'(63).This is the first time Jack uses paint to cover and disguise his face. His full intention at this point in the novel is to hunt by using the mask as camouflage to sneak up on the pigs without them noticing. Later on in this book, Jack develops different uses for the mask and this is portrayed when Jack says “We’ll raid them and take fire. There must be four of you; Henry and you, Robert and Maurice. We’ll put on paint and sneak up”(136). This quote proves that the face mask provides a new identity to each boy. This war paint compels the boys to do things that they normally would never do and lose there innocence as it compels them to kill. Adding on to the point, the novel takes a turn when the boys start killing eachother. In chapter 9, Simon awakens and crawls up the hill and, in the failing light, sees the dead pilot with his flapping parachute. Watching the parachute rise and fall with the wind, Simon realizes that the boys have mistaken this harmless object for the deadly beast that has plunged their entire group into chaos. As the boys re having a feast they see a shadowy figure creep out of the forest—it is Simon. In their wild state, however, the boys do not recognize him. Shouting that he is the beast, the boys descend upon Simon and start to tear him apart and kill him. Golding proves that Simon’s death was an accident as they thought he waas the beast but after the killing of Simon, Jack realizes the power he has and wants to continue hunting. This shows they’ve lost there emotions and their innocence beause in chapter 1 they would not even think about killing animals or people.. Later in the novel, Roger kills Piggy by pushing a boulder of a cliff that kills him. Golding proves that the death of Piggy was on purpose as “Roger leaned all of his weight on the level (200).” “Piggy fell forty feet and landed on his back across that square, red rock in the sea.” (201). In addition to Simon and Piggy’s death, Jack and Roger plan a search to find Raplph and kill him. While Ralph is hiding, Sam and Eric tell him that Roger has “a stick pointed at both ends” (211). This proves that if Jack and his tribe find Ralph, they will kill him. They also decide to set a fire to smoke out Ralph. This all shows that the boys have loss their innocence because they want to continue hunting and killing people. As previously stated, when Jack splits from Ralph and assumes power, the boys lose their innocence and turn into savage like animals.
The boys in LOrd of the Flies suffered from loss of innocence in a very fast and drastic way. Theyhad to learn how to move on from suc ha tragic and traumatizing situation and learn how to surivie as well as wokring together. Small children are percieved as being innocent and adults are seen as mature. Willaim Golding presents a very differnet opinion in this novel.cGolding proes that under any circumstanc, anyone, even a child can becomea savage.