POSITIVE CLINICAL INTERVENTIONS: WHY ARE THEY IMPORTANT AND HOW DO THEY WORK?
E.T. Bohlmeijer1, L. Bolier1,2, S.M.A. Lamers1 y G.J. Westerhof1 1Twente University. 2Trimbos Institute, Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction(2017)
This paper has discussed about importance of positive clinical psychology, which is newly introduced by Seligman. It is an emerging field within clinical psychology. Clinical psychology completely based mental health care and mental illness, current research showing that wellbeing and positive characterstics has buffering effects on the psychopathology and mental illnesses and as well as on positive emotions and gratitude, that can predict pathology beyond the predictive power of negative characteristics. They had given more focus on three distinct forms of well-being: emotional, psychological and social and along with these wellbeing three types of positive clinical interventions: well-being therapy, positive psychotherapy and acceptance and commitment therapy also discussed.
The aim of this study is to introduced positive clinical psychology in the field of clinical psychology. On one hand they like to show how positive characteristics and functioning are related to disorders. And on the other hand they introducing the concept of well- being.
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY:
Objective divide into two course of action
• One is to study how positive characteristics and its functioning are related to disorders.
• And other is introducing the concept of well- being.
• More focus has given to second approach by promoting to well-being as important component in treatment procedure.
• Transformation of mental health care from illness oriented treatment to well-being oriented treatment.
• In this paper they introduce some positive clinical interventions with aim for promoting well-being in reducing to distress and pathology.
• And review the current evidence of the effectiveness of these interventions.
OUTCOME FROM STUDY:
Studies shows that emotional well-being has a positive effect on recovery and survival in people with physical diseases.
Studies support the health protective features of psychological well-being in reducing risk for disease and promoting length of life.
These findings hypothesis that well-being buffers the impact of negative life-events and prevents the development of psychopathology and disorders (Keyes et al., 2011; Wood & Joseph, 2010).
Seligman had developed a short positive psychological exercises which they called ‘positive psychotherapy'(2006). In these interventions they used Strengths which used more into daily life, Three positive things, The death notice(a short note which describe your death idea), Gratitude visit., Active/constructive responding, Savouring(in this intervention the participant has assigned enjoyable activities.
At the end we can conclude that positive clinical psychology is an interesting and promising new intervention for both mental health practice and higher research. It is an good initiation in the traditional treatment pathways. More high quality studies on the effects of positive clinical interventions are needed.