Birth- 1 Year
• In the early stages leading up to 3 months old the baby will feel happy, calm and secure as it develops an attachment to its Mother.
• Between the ages of 3-6 months old the baby will react positively to familiar situations such as cuddling and feeding times.
• The baby’s social skills will develop into a friendly relationship with strangers on most occasions as it reaches 6 months old.
• As it approaches its first birthday, the baby begins to copy facial expressions.
• At the same point the baby will begin to act strange towards less familiar faces and develop a clingy relationship to more familiar adults.
By the time the child gets to 3 years old:
• It will be able to feed itself using kitchen utensils and drink from a cup.
• Will play contently near other children but rarely with them.
• Becomes selfish and possessive when others try to take what belongs to them.
• Will copy adults performing household chores such as sweeping the floor or wiping surfaces.
• Can undress without assistance.
By the time the child gets to 7 years old it is expected that:
• The child will share toys and possessions with others.
• Become more social as the take part in complex play using their imagination.
• Develops relationships with other children to the point they have a “best friend”.
• Is able to tidy them as well as get dressed and undressed easily.
• Still shows signs of being cheeky and disobedient to adults.
Children in this age bracket develop socially by:
• Starting to separate from their parents and exhibit signs of independence.
• Developing an understanding of self-awareness with a sense of what is right and wrong.
• Showing signs of understanding what the future holds such as school exams, transition from primary to post primary education etc.
• Demonstrating a growing desire to be liked by all their peers.
• Focusing more attention to friendships and teamwork.
Through adolescence young people become more social aware by:
• Becoming more independent from the family by spending most of their time with their peers
• Forming their own identity by exploring subcultures through music, clothing, hobbies and body image such as hair styles and tattoos.
• Trying to push the limits in their home life and at school by rebelling against the rules.
• Looking at other adults who are not their parents as role models as they see these adults as friendlier than the parents who are “trying to control their life”.
• Troubled youths may act out to express emotional pain by engaging in anti-social activities.