The notion of migration

The notion of migration (a term derived from the Latin “migratio, onis” = departure) does not have a clearly defined concept, and many aspects are used to define it. According to the International Organization for Migration, it is defined as “the movement of a person or a group of people, either crossing an international border or within a state. It is a movement of the population, regardless of size and composition. Migration causes include: Migration of refugees, displaced populations, people migrating for economic or other purposes, including family reunion. Migration, as a phenomenon, has been studied through its various features. Thus, some researchers have emphasized its social side, others its demographic or cultural side. Some have regarded it as a decisive factor in the evolution of a particular society, others have considered it to have stopped the development of the areas from which the respective populations migrated. Emigrating into a new social group, understanding and accepting them represent real challenges for the existing educational system. Migration causes can be economic, social and political. People leave an area either looking for development opportunities, a better socio-economic level, or flee to another area as a result of calamities or disasters, wars, religious or political persecutions. When integrating them, we must consider some principles and values of intercultural education and the country of origin.